Top Dot Net Interview Questions With Answers Part 1

1. What is a IL?

  • (IL)Intermediate Language is also known as MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) or CIL (Common Intermediate Language).
  • All .NET source code is compiled to IL.
  • This IL is then converted to machine code at the point where the software is installed, or at run-time by a Just-In- Time (JIT) compiler.
dot net Intermediate Language

2. What is a CLR?

  • Full form of CLR is Common Language Runtime.
  • It forms the heart of the .NET framework.
  • All Languages have runtime.
  • It is the responsibility of the runtime to take care of the code execution of the program.
dot net CLR

3. What is a CTS?

  • In order that two language communicate smoothly CLR has CTS (Common Type System).
dot net Common Type System

4. What is a CLS (Common Language Specification)?

  • This is a subset of the CTS which, all .NET languages are expected to support.
  • It was always a dream of Microsoft to unite all different languages in to one umbrella.
  • CLS is one step towards that.
  • Microsoft has defined CLS as a guideline that languages to communicate with other .NET languages, in a seamless manner.
dot net Common Language Specification

5. What is a Managed Code?

  • Managed code runs inside the environment of CLR i.e. .NET runtime.
  • In short, all IL are managed code.
  • But the third-party software such as VB6 or VC++ component are unmanaged code as .NET runtime (CLR) does not have control over the source code execution of the language.
dot net Managed Code

6. What is an Assembly?

  • Assembly is unit of deployment like EXE or a DLL.
  • An assembly consists of one or more files (dlls, exe’s, html files etc.).
  • It represents a group of resources, type definitions, and implementations of those types.
dot net assembly

7. What are different types of Assembly?

  • Two types of assembly are Private and Public assembly.
  • A private assembly is normally used by a single application.
  • It is stored in the application's directory, or a sub-directory beneath.
  • A shared assembly is normally stored in the global assembly cache (GAC).
  • The GAC is a repository of assemblies maintained by the .NET runtime.
  • Shared assemblies are usually libraries of code which many applications will find useful, e.g. Crystal report classes are used by all application for Report Preparation.
dot net types of Assembly

8. What is NameSpace?

  • Namespace provides a "named space" for easy organization of the application.
  • NameSpace logically group types. Example System.Web.UI logically groups our UI related features.
  • In Object Oriented world may times it is possible that programmers will use the same class name.
  • By qualifying NameSpace with classname this collision can be removed.
dot net NameSpace

9. What is the difference between NameSpace and Assembly?

  • Assembly - physical grouping of logical units.
  • Namespace - logical groups of classes.
  • Namespace can span multiple assembly.

10. What is Manifest?

  • Assembly metadata is stored in Manifest.
  • The metadata includes:
    • Version of assembly
    • Security identity
    • Scope of the assembly
    • Resolve references to resources and classes.
  • The assembly manifest can be stored in a Project Executable file format (an .exe or .dll).
  • It is in the form of a Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code or a stand-alone PE file that contains only assembly manifest information.

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