Install Apache Tomcat 7 on Ubuntu 16.04
Apache Tomcat is used to deploy and serve JavaServer Pages and Java servlets. It is an open source technology based off Apache.
- This document assumes you are installing Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 16.04.
- Be sure you are logged in as root user.
Installing Tomcat 7
Step 1: Create the Tomcat Folder
Logged in as root, within the opt folder make a directory called tomcat and cd into that folder after completion.
Step 2: Install Tomcat Through Wget
Click this link to the Apache Tomcat 7 Download site. Place your cursor under 7.0.90 Binary Distributions, right click on the tar.gz file and select Copy Link Address (as shown in the picture below). At the time of this article Tomcat 7 is the newest version but feel free to pick whatever version is more up-to-date.
Next, from your server, use wget command to download the tar to the tomcat folder from the URL you copied in the previous step:
You can download the file to your local desktop, but you’ll then want to transfer the file to your server. If assistance is needed, check out this article: Using SFTP and SCP Instead of FTP
After the download completes, decompress the file in your Tomcat folder:
You will end up with a file called apache-tomcat-7.0.90.
Step 3: Install Java
If that command returns the following message then Java has yet to be installed:
To install Java, simply run the following command and at the prompt enter Y to continue:
Step 4: Configure .bashrc file
Set the environment variables in .bashrc with the following command:
Add this information to the end of the file:
Verify your file paths! If you downloaded a different version or already installed Java, you may have to edit the file path or name. Older versions of Java may say java-7-openjdk-amd64 instead of java-1.8.0-openjdk-amd64 . Likewise, if you installed Tomcat in a different folder other then /opt/tomcat(as suggested) you’ll indicate the path in your bash file and edit the lines above.
Save your edits and exit from the .bashrc file, then run the following command to register the changes:
Step 5: Test Run
Tomcat and Java should now be installed and configured on your server. To activate Tomcat, run the following script:
You should get a result similar to:
To verify that Tomcat is working by visiting the IP address of your server :8080 in a web browser. For example http://127.0.0.1:8080.