**OR Operator in Java:**

**Definition**:

In Java, the OR operator is represented by** ||** (logical OR) or | (bitwise OR). The logical OR (||) evaluates two boolean expressions and **returns true** **if at least one of the operands is true**. The **bitwise OR** (|) operates on individual bits of** two operands** and returns 1 in each bit position where **at least one of the bits is 1.**

**Example:**

**Logical OR (||)**:

**Output:**

**Bitwise OR (|)**:

**Output:**

**Features of OR Operator:**

- Short-circuits, meaning if the
**first operand evaluates to true**, the**second operand is not evaluated.** - Always
**evaluates both operands and operates on binary representations of numbers.**

**Advantages:**

- Efficient with short-circuit evaluation when
**only one condition is needed to be true**. - Efficient in manipulating individual bits in data, commonly used in low-level programming.

**Uses:**

- Used in conditional statements where multiple conditions need to be checked.
- Used in bit manipulation, networking, flags, and low-level operations.

**AND Operator in Java:**

**Definition**:

In Java , the **AND **operator is represented by **&&** (logical AND) or & (bitwise AND). The logical AND (&&) **checks two boolean** expressions and **returns true if both operands are true**. The bitwise AND (&) operates on individual bits and returns 1 in each bit position where both bits are 1.

**Example:**

**Logical AND (&&)**:

**Output:**

**Bitwise AND (&)**:

**Output:**

**Features of AND Operator:**

- Short-circuits, meaning if the first operand is false, the second operand is not evaluated.
- Always evaluates both operands and operates on binary representations of numbers.

**Advantages:**

- Helps in
**improving performance through short-circuit evaluation when both conditions must be true.** - Efficient in masking and clearing specific bits.

**Uses:**

- Used in conditional statements where
**multiple conditions must be met**. - Used in bit masking, checksum calculations, and low-level programming for managing data.