Spyware is one of the form of malware that will affect your computer and reconfigure your Internet browser settings by changing your home page and modifying your search results. Even if you modify your settings back to how you initially had them configured, spyware will maliciously revert your browser settings each time you restart your computer.
The First is to download and install Anti-Spyware Software
Once you install the anti-spyware software on your computer, you must keep your anti-spyware application updated to keep up with the latest forms of spyware. Configure your anti-spyware software to routinely check for updates. If your anti-spyware software does not contain the latest update files, it will be rendered useless against the most current spyware threats.
Spyware is often installed on your computer when you visit an infected or malicious website. Therefore, you should exercise caution with links to websites from unknown sources. In addition, you should only download programs from trustful websites. If you are uncertain about a program you are considering downloading, conduct further research by analyzing reviews about the product. When downloading a specific program, ensure you’re not downloading pirated software. Spyware can be distributed by exploits that promote software piracy.
Lookout for Pop-Ups
Malware can lure you into installing spyware on your computer by prompting you with a pop-up window. If you see an unwanted or random pop-up alert, do not click “Agree” or “OK” to close the pop-up window. This will actually install the malware on your computer. Instead, press Alt + F4 or click on the red “X” on the corner on the pop-up alert to close the window.
Keep up with OS Updates
Important system updates provide significant benefits such as improved security. Just as with any antivirus and anti-spyware software, not keeping up with operating system updates will make your PC vulnerable to the latest malware threats.
In order to prevent spyware threats, ensure you use the Automatic Updates feature in Windows and have your computer automatically download Microsoft security updates.
Apply Patches to Software
Ensure that you have the latest patches installed on all of your software applications, such as Microsoft Office software, Adobe products, and Java. These vendors often release software patches for their products to fix vulnerabilities that can be used by cyber-criminals as means to deploy malware such as spyware.
Strengthen your Browser Settings
Most web browsers will warn you of executable programs and will suggest a safe course of action. In addition to having an updated web browser, ensure that you have properly configured your browser and that all of your plug-ins and add-ons are updated, including Java, Flash, and Adobe products.