Mesothelioma


What is mesothelioma?

  • The cancer, mesothelioma is a rare, aggressive form of cancer that primarily develops in the lining of the lungs or the abdomen.
  • It is a cancerous or malignant tumour that starts in either the lining of certain organs or the cells of the mesothelium.
  • More than 80% of malignant mesothelioma are caused by contact with¬†asbestos.
  • This mesothelioma cancer is discovered at a later stage of its maturity.
  • The malignant mesothelioma is diagnosed and treated, the better prognosis a patient has.

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The causes of mesothelioma

  • The causes of mesothelioma lung cancer disease occur in people and the mesothelioma risk factors are,
    • mining asbestos,
    • produce products with asbestos,
    • work using asbestos products,
    • survive with asbestos workers, or
    • employed in constructions containing asbestos.
  • Mostly around 40 years of exposure, the lung cancer mesothelioma starts.
  • mesothelioma causes other than asbestos - Washing the clothes of someone worked with asbestos too increases the risk of catching asbestos mesothelioma.
  • causes of mesothelioma other than asbestos - Other risk factors comprise genetics and infection caused by the simian virus.

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Types of mesothelioma

  • The disease, lung cancer mesothelioma is categorized by
    • The position of cancer in the body
    • The cell structure

1. The position of cancer in the body

The first category identifies the tumor locations in the body.
  • pleural mesothelioma - found in the lungs.
  • peritoneal mesothelioma - found in the abdomen.
  • percardial mesothelioma - found in the heart.
  • testicular mesothelioma - found in the membrane lining that covers the testicles


2. The Cell Structure

The second category is by the three types of possible cell structure the mesothelioma asbestos cancer may have:
  • epithelioid,
  • sarcomatoid, or
  • biphasic

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Mesothelioma Death Rate

  • In 2013 about 50,000 people had mesothelioma cancer and 34,000 died from the disease.
  • Rates of pleural mesothelioma and malignant mesothelioma are
    • higher in australia,
    • higher in united kingdom, and
    • lower in japan.
  • It occurs in about 3,000 people per year in the United States.
  • Usually asbestos mesothelioma is found with male employees than females.
  • Rates of disease have increased since the 1950s.
  • mesothelioma diagnosis commences at the age of 65 and people survive for a max of around 70 years.
  • The disease was very rare before the commercial use of asbestos.

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