peritoneal mesothelioma

what is peritoneal mesothelioma?

  • malignant peritoneal mesothelioma – It is the second most common form of asbestos-related cancer.
  • It is otherwise termed as peritoneal cancer stage 4.
  • It develops in the lining of the abdomen called peritoneum.
  • peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms - Most common symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are abdominal swelling and pain due to ascites.
  • peritoneal tumor that affect the abdominal cavity often do not cause symptoms until they are at a late stage.

peritoneal cancer survival rate

  • Less than 500 people are diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma each year.
  • Around 20 to 25 percent of all mesothelioma cases include peritoneal mesothelioma.
  • For this cancer, mesothelioma treatments include debulking surgery, chemotherapy and radiation

  • Cytoreductive surgery with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a new promising treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma.

peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Blood Clots
  • Fatigue
  • Fluid Buildup (Ascites)
  • Bowel Problems
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal Swelling
  • Fever or Sweating
  • Tissue Lumps in the Abdomen
  • Anemia
  • Seizures

mesothelioma peritoneal - causes

  • Ingestion of asbestos fibers.
  • Sharp fibers lodge into the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) and irritates the peritoneum.
  • This causes genetic damage to cells.
  • It finally results in formation of a malignant tumor that’s secondary peritoneal cancer.
  • This process happens in a decade of time.

Location of peritoneal mesothelioma :

  • It occurs in the abdominal lining called peritoneum,
  • Other mesothelioma occurs in linings of the lungs or heart.

symptoms of peritoneal cancer :

  • peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms often develop in the abdomen and/or gastrointestinal system
  • Other mesothelioma symptoms develop in chest/lungs.

peritoneal cancer prognosis :

  • effective treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma is cytoreductive surgery along with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC).
  • Treatment for other mesothelioma includes radiation and/or surgery.

primary peritoneal cancer life expectancy :

  • Peritoneal mesothelioma patients have a better prognosis survival rate of around 5 years.
  • Other mesothelioma patients have very less survival rates.

cancer of the peritoneum - diagnosis

  • The latest advances in medical technology allow doctors to diagnose easily.
  • yet even experienced cancer doctors can struggle to diagnose it accurately.
  • In fact, the process can take months.
  • Since peritoneal metastasis cancer is related to abdomen it is usually mistaken as the below diseases:
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    • Hernia
    • Other abdominal cancers, especially ovarian cancer

peritoneal cancer prognosis

Surgery –

  1. known as debulking or cytoreduction,
  2. the primary goal is to remove most of the tumor(s).

Chemotherapy –

  1. A systemic drug treatment to kills fast-growing cells.
  2. It reacts well on mesothelioma cancer cells.

Radiation –

  1. A blast of targeted radiation to reduce the size of cancer tumors.

hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (hipec)

  • This chemotherapy uses a heated chemotherapy “wash” that rinses out the abdominal cavity to kill any cancer cells left after cytoreductive surgery.
  • It is considered as more effective than the multimodal treatment.
  • The chemotherapy drugs used in HIPEC treatments are stronger than that used for systemic treatment.
  • As per analysis, peritoneal mesothelioma patients receiving HIPEC treatment survived for 3.4 years.

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