What is system registry hive ?

Answer : The logical group of keys, subkeys, and values in the registry that has a set of supporting files containing backups of its data is called as Hive.

System registry hive

  • The logical group of keys, subkeys, and values in the registry that has a set of supporting files containing backups of its data is called as Hive.
  • Each time a new user logs on to a computer, a new hive is created for that user with a separate file for the user profile. This is called the user profile hive.
  • It supports for files containing backups of the data and logical group of keys, subkeys, values in the registry.
what is system registry hive
  • The two formats contain the registry files: standard and latest.

Standard

  • The standard format is supported by Windows 2000. It is also supported by new versions of Windows for backward compatibility.

Latest

  • The latest format is supported starting with Windows XP.
  • Windows version that support the latest format, but hives use the standard format: HKEY_CURRENT_USER, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Security, and HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT; all other hives use the latest format.
  • Maximum the supporting files for the hives are in the %SystemRoot%\System32\Config directory. These files are updated each time a user logs on.

List of Standard hive and their suppoting files

registry hives in standard format
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