What is type conversion in python ?

  • In python type casting functions to directly convert one data type to another which is useful in day-to-day and competitive programming.
  • The types conversion consists of two types, they are implicit conversion and explicit conversion.

 Implicit Conversion

  • In python implicit type conversion data types automatically converts one data type to another without any user involvement.

Sample Code

x = 10 

print("x is of type:",type(x))  

y = 10.6

print("y is of type:",type(y))

x = x + y

print(x)

print("x is of type:",type(x))

Output

Explicit Conversion

  • In python explicit conversion data type is manually changed by the user as per their requirement.
    • Int () function convertsany data type to integer. ‘Base’ specifies the base in which string is if the data type is a string.
    • Float () function is used to convert any data type to a floating-point number.
    • Ord () function is used to convert a character to integer.
    • Hex () function is used to convert integer to hexadecimal string.
    • Oct () function is used to convert integer to octal string.
    • Tuple () function is used to convert to a tuple.
    • Set () function returns the type after converting to a set.
    • List () function is used to convert any data type to a list type.
    • Dict () function is used to convert a tuple of order into a dictionary.
    • Str () function is used to convert integer into a string.
    • Complex () function converts real numbers to complex number.
    • Chr () function converts number to its corresponding ASCII character.

Sample Code

# Python code to demonstrate Type conversion

# using  tuple(), set(), list()

# initializing string

s = 'geeks'  

# printing string converting to tuple

c = tuple(s)

print ("After converting string to tuple : ",end="")

print (c)

# printing string converting to set

c = set(s)

print ("After converting string to set : ",end="")

print (c) 

# printing string converting to list

c = list(s)

print ("After converting string to list : ",end="")

print (c)

Output

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