How many types of routing protocols ?

Answer : There are two types of routing protocol…

How many types of routing protocols ?

  • There are two types of routing protocols:
    • Routing Information Protocols(RIP)
    • Interior Gateway Protocol (IGRP)
    • Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
    • Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP)
    • Enhanced interior gateway routing protocol (EIGRP)
    • Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
    • Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS)
Dynamic Routing Protocol

Routing Information Protocols(RIP)

  • RIP protocol type used in local area network and wide area network.
  • RIP (Routing Information Protocol) type is categorized interior gateway protocol within the use of distance vector algorithm.

Interior Gateway Protocol (IGRP)

  • Interior gateway routing protocol created in part to defeat the confines of RIP (Routing Information Protocol) in large networks.
  • It maintains multiple metrics for each route as well as reliability, MTU, delay load, and bandwidth.

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

  • OSPF is an active routing protocol used in internet protocol.
  • Mostly it is a link state routing protocol and includes into the group of interior gateway protocol.
  • It operating inside a distinct autonomous system.

Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP)

  • Routing protocols is used to exchange routing information between different routers in different autonomous systems.

Enhanced interior gateway routing protocol (EIGRP)

  • EIGRP supports IP subnets and improves the efficiency of the routing algorithms compared to older IGRP.
  • It does not support routing hierarchies, like RIP.

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

  • BGP connects the entire autonomous system/network path topology to other networks.
  • It keeps routing table with topologies of all externally connected networks.

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS)

  • The Intermediate System to Intermediate System protocol functions similarly to OSPF.
  • IS-IS is a great protocol used by network devices to determine the best method to promoted datagram from side to side a packet switched network and this process is called routing.
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