Binary Search Tree C Programming Coding

C Program Find the node with minimum value in a Binary Search Tree

C Program Find the node with minimum value in a Binary Search Tree-Binary Search Tree-. traverse the node from root to left recursively until left is NULL.

This is quite simple. Just traverse the node from root to left recursively until left is NULL. The node whose left is NULL is the node with minimum value.

For the above tree, we start with 20, then we move left 8, we keep on moving to left until we see NULL. Since left of 4 is NULL, 4 is the node with minimum value.

C Programming
#include <stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
 
/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child 
   and a pointer to right child */
struct node 
{
    int data;
    struct node* left;
    struct node* right;
};
 
/* Helper function that allocates a new node 
with the given data and NULL left and right 
pointers. */
struct node* newNode(int data) 
{
  struct node* node = (struct node*)
                       malloc(sizeof(struct node));
  node->data  = data;
  node->left  = NULL;
  node->right = NULL;
   
  return(node);
}
 
/* Give a binary search tree and a number, 
inserts a new node with the given number in 
the correct place in the tree. Returns the new 
root pointer which the caller should then use 
(the standard trick to avoid using reference 
parameters). */
struct node* insert(struct node* node, int data) 
{
  /* 1. If the tree is empty, return a new,     
      single node */
  if (node == NULL) 
    return(newNode(data));  
  else
  {
    /* 2. Otherwise, recur down the tree */
    if (data <= node->data) 
        node->left  = insert(node->left, data);
    else
        node->right = insert(node->right, data);
   
    /* return the (unchanged) node pointer */
    return node; 
  }
}
 
/* Given a non-empty binary search tree,  
return the minimum data value found in that 
tree. Note that the entire tree does not need 
to be searched. */
int minValue(struct node* node) {
  struct node* current = node;
 
  /* loop down to find the leftmost leaf */
  while (current->left != NULL) {
    current = current->left;
  }
  return(current->data);
}
 
/* Driver program to test sameTree function*/   
int main()
{
  struct node* root = NULL;
  root = insert(root, 4);
  insert(root, 2);
  insert(root, 1);
  insert(root, 3);
  insert(root, 6);
  insert(root, 5);  
 
  printf("\n Minimum value in BST is %d", minValue(root));
  getchar();
  return 0;    
}

Time Complexity: O(n) Worst case happens for left skewed trees.
Similarly we can get the maximum value by recursively traversing the right node of a binary search tree.

READ  C Program Lowest Common Ancestor in a Binary Search Tree

About the author

Venkatesan Prabu

Venkatesan Prabu

Wikitechy Founder, Author, International Speaker, and Job Consultant. My role as the CEO of Wikitechy, I help businesses build their next generation digital platforms and help with their product innovation and growth strategy. I'm a frequent speaker at tech conferences and events.

Add Comment

Click here to post a comment

X