Binay Tree Level Order Tree

C program -Level Order Tree Traversal

Level Order Tree Traversal - Level Order Tree Travers - level order tree travesal - here are basically two functions in this method.

Level order traversal of a tree is breadth first traversal for the tree.

Level order traversal of the above tree is 1 2 3 4 5

Recommended: Please solve it on “PRACTICE” first,

before moving on to the solution.

METHOD 1 (Use function to print a given level)

Algorithm:
There are basically two functions in this method. One is to print all nodes at a given level (printGivenLevel), and other is to print level order traversal of the tree (printLevelorder). printLevelorder makes use of printGivenLevel to print nodes at all levels one by one starting from root.

/*Function to print level order traversal of tree*/
printLevelorder(tree)
for d = 1 to height(tree)
   printGivenLevel(tree, d);

/*Function to print all nodes at a given level*/
printGivenLevel(tree, level)
if tree is NULL then return;
if level is 1, then
    print(tree->data);
else if level greater than 1, then
    printGivenLevel(tree->left, level-1);
    printGivenLevel(tree->right, level-1);
// Recursive C program for level order traversal of Binary Tree
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child
   and a pointer to right child */
struct node
{
    int data;
    struct node* left, *right;
};
 
/* Function protoypes */
void printGivenLevel(struct node* root, int level);
int height(struct node* node);
struct node* newNode(int data);
 
/* Function to print level order traversal a tree*/
void printLevelOrder(struct node* root)
{
    int h = height(root);
    int i;
    for (i=1; i<=h; i++)
        printGivenLevel(root, i);
}
 
/* Print nodes at a given level */
void printGivenLevel(struct node* root, int level)
{
    if (root == NULL)
        return;
    if (level == 1)
        printf("%d ", root->data);
    else if (level > 1)
    {
        printGivenLevel(root->left, level-1);
        printGivenLevel(root->right, level-1);
    }
}
 
/* Compute the "height" of a tree -- the number of
    nodes along the longest path from the root node
    down to the farthest leaf node.*/
int height(struct node* node)
{
    if (node==NULL)
        return 0;
    else
    {
        /* compute the height of each subtree */
        int lheight = height(node->left);
        int rheight = height(node->right);
 
        /* use the larger one */
        if (lheight > rheight)
            return(lheight+1);
        else return(rheight+1);
    }
}
 
/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the
   given data and NULL left and right pointers. */
struct node* newNode(int data)
{
    struct node* node = (struct node*)
                        malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = NULL;
    node->right = NULL;
 
    return(node);
}
 
/* Driver program to test above functions*/
int main()
{
    struct node *root = newNode(1);
    root->left        = newNode(2);
    root->right       = newNode(3);
    root->left->left  = newNode(4);
    root->left->right = newNode(5);
 
    printf("Level Order traversal of binary tree is \n");
    printLevelOrder(root);
 
    return 0;
}
READ  C Program - Inorder Tree Traversal without recursion and without stack!

About the author

Venkatesan Prabu

Venkatesan Prabu

Wikitechy Founder, Author, International Speaker, and Job Consultant. My role as the CEO of Wikitechy, I help businesses build their next generation digital platforms and help with their product innovation and growth strategy. I'm a frequent speaker at tech conferences and events.

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