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What is Android Activity
- An activity represents a single screen with a user interface just like window or frame of Java .Android activity is the subclass of Context Theme Wrapper class.
- Activities are a fundamental building block of Android applications and they can exist in a number of different states.
- The activity lifecycle begins with instantiation and ends with destruction, and includes many states in between.
- When an activity changes state, the appropriate lifecycle event method is called, notifying the activity of the impending state change and allowing it to execute code in order to adapt to that change.
- Android Activity Lifecycle is controlled by 7 methods of android.app.Activity class.
- An activity is the single screen in android. It is like window or frame of Java.
- By the help of activity, you can place all your UI components or widgets in a single screen.
- The 7 lifecycle method of Activity describes how activity will behave at different states.
Android Activity Lifecycle methods
- Let's see the 7 lifecycle methods of android activity.
|onCreate||called when activity is first created.|
|onStart||called when activity is becoming visible to the user.|
|onResume||called when activity will start interacting with the user.|
|onPause||called when activity is not visible to the user.|
|onStop||called when activity is no longer visible to the user.|
|onRestart||called after your activity is stopped, prior to start.|
|onDestroy||called before the activity is destroyed.|
- It provides the details about the invocation of life cycle methods of activity. In this example, we are displaying the content on the logcat.
- File: MainActivity.java
- You will not see any output on the emulator or device. You need to open logcat.
- Now see on the logcat: on Create, on Start and on Resume methods are invoked.
- Now click on the HOME Button. You will see on Pause method is invoked.
- After a while, you will see on Stop method is invoked.
- Now see on the emulator. It is on the home. Now click on the center button to launch the app again.
- Now click on the lifecycle activity icon.
- Now see on the logcat: on Restart, on Start and on Resume methods are invoked.
- If you see the emulator, application is started again.
- Now click on the back button. Now you will see onPause methods is invoked.
- After a while, you will see onStop and onDestroy methods are invoked.