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What is LOG() function?
- In mathematics, the logarithm is the inverse operation to exponentiation, just as division is the inverse of multiplication and vice versa.
- That means the logarithm of a number is the exponent to which another fixed number, the base, must be raised to produce that number.
- In simple cases the logarithm counts factors in multiplication.
- For example, the base 10 logarithm of 1000 is 3, as 10 to the power 3 is 1000 (1000 = 10 × 10 × 10 = 10^3); 10 is used as a factor three times.
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LOG() function in Apache Pig
- The LOG() function of Pig Latin is used to calculate the natural logarithm (base e) value of a given expression.
- Returns the natural logarithm (base e) of an expression.
- Ensure that we have a file named wikitechy_math.txt in the HDFS directory /pig_data/.
- This file contains integer and floating point values as given below.
- You have loaded this file into Pig with a relation named math_data as given below.
- Now calculate the log values of the contents of the wikitechy_math.txtfile using LOG() function as given below.
- Now verify the contents of the relation using the Dump operator as given below.
- The above statement stores the result in the relation named log_data.