[Solved-2 Solutions] Encoding in Pig ?
What is encoding ?
- Characters which cannot be represented by an 8-bit ASCII code, can not be used in an URL as there is no way to reliably encode them (the encoding scheme for URLs is based off of octets).
- Despite this, some servers do support varying means of encoding double byte characters in URLs, the most common technique seems to be to use UTF-8 encoding and encode each octet separately even if a pair of octets represents one character. This however, is not specified by the standard and is highly prone to error, so it is recommended that URLs be restricted to the 8-bit ASCII range.
- Loading data that contains some particular characters (as for example, À, ° and others) using Pig Latin and storing data in a .txt file is possible to see that these symbols in a txt file are displayed as ï¿½ and ï characters. That happens because of UTF-8 substitution character.
- We would like to ask if is possible to avoid it somehow, maybe with some pig commands, to have in the result (in txt file) for example À instead of ï¿½ ?
- In Pig we have built in dynamic invokers that that allow a Pig programmer to refer to Java functions without having to wrap them in custom Pig UDFs. So now we can load the data as UTF-8 encoded strings, then decode it, then perform all your operations on it and then store it back as UTF-8.
- The below code helps for encoding
- The java code responsible for doing this is:
- Now modify this code to return UTF-8 encoded strings from normal strings and store it to yr text file.
- We have to use bytearray type instead of chararray