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ARDS Full Form - Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

  Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

  • ARDS stands for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. It's a severe lung condition during which lungs become severely inflamed and fluid fills up within the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) within the lungs.
  • It may occur due to severe pulmonary injury or infection. In the beginning, it manifests as dyspnea, tachypnea or hypoxemia then over the time evolves in respiratory failure.
  • As fluid accumulates within the lungs, less space is left for the air so less oxygen is passed to bloodstream.
  • It results in low oxygen levels within the blood. The organs don't get sufficient oxygen to perform their functions properly.


Some basic items prompt this lung harm include:

  • Breathing in lethal substances, for eg, saltwater, synthetic concoctions, smoke, and regurgitation
  • Building up a serious blood contamination
  • Building up a serious contamination of the lungs, for eg, pneumonia
  • Overdosing on narcotics or tricyclic antidepressants

What are the precautions

  • Look for brief clinical help for any injury, disease, or sickness.
  • Quit smoking cigarettes, and avoid used smoke.
  • Surrender liquor.
  • Interminable liquor use may expand your mortality hazard and forestall legitimate lung work.
  • Get your influenza immunization yearly and pneumonia antibodies at regular intervals. This declines your danger of lung contamination.

Common Symptoms

  • The symptoms of ARDS usually appear within few hours or few days after the injury or infection. A number of the common symptoms are:
    • Severe shortness of breath
    • Abnormal rapid breathing
    • Low blood pressure
    • Extreme tiredness
    • Discolored skin or nails
    • Dry cough and headaches
    • Fast pulse rate
    • Mental confusion

Common Causes

  • The ARDS may occur due to variety of reasons, some of the most common causes are:
    • Sepsis : A serious and widespread infection of the bloodstream.
    • Harmful Substances : Inhaling high concentration of smoke, chemical pollutants or fumes.
    • Severe Pneumonia : It affects all the lobes of the lungs.
    • Major injury: Accidents that end in major head, lungs or the other injury can damage the lungs or an area of the brain that controls breathing.
    • Others : The others causes may include Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) , burns , transfusion reaction , near-drowning etc.

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