DDT Full Form | Full Form of DDT
DDT Full Form - DichloroDiphenylTrichloroethane
- DDT is a colorless, tasteless, crystalline, and almost odorless organochloride substance which is known for its insecticidal properties.
- It's also poisonous for both humans and animals. It's accumulated in tissues and remains active for many years.
- It is generally utilized in farming and agriculture to kill the insects and protect the crops.
- DDT was first synthesized in 1874 and was used in the second half of the World War 2 to regulate Malaria and typhus among civilians and troops.
- In 1970, around 386 million pounds of DDT was produced globally.
- In the us, in 1959, it had been used most heavily as a spray (around 80 million pound of DDT).
- In the early 1970s, questions were raised related to negative effects of DDT on environment and living organisms.
- In 1973, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency put a ban on the use of DDT within the United States.
- The formula of DDT is C14H9Cl. It's highly hydrophobic and not soluble in water but it's soluble in most of the, organic solvents, oils and fats.
- It is produced artificially by the reaction of chloral (ccl3cho) with chlorobenzene (C6H5Cl) within the presence of the catalyst sulphuric acid (H2SO4).
How it Works ?
- When DDT is sprayed on the plants, the insects residing on the plants are exposed with it.
- It affects the insect's neurons which cause eventual death. It puts also a really adverse effect on the human life cycle through edible plants.
Detrimental effects of DDT
Effects of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
Effects on human being
- If we mention its adverse effect on humans only, it might be a really harmful substance for them. It results in tons of diseases in humans.
- Liver cancer
- Breast cancer
- Uncontrolled cell mutation which later results in tumor and cancer.
Effects on Wildlife
- DDT is very toxic and unsafe chemical for a good kind of wildlife i.e. Birds, mammals, fishes etc.
- Its responsible thinning of eggshells and lower reproductive rate in certain bird species by causing egg breakage and embryo death.