DDT Full Form | Full Form of DDT




DDT Full Form - DichloroDiphenylTrichloroethane

 Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

  • DDT is a colorless, tasteless, crystalline, and almost odorless organochloride substance which is known for its insecticidal properties.
  • It's also poisonous for both humans and animals. It's accumulated in tissues and remains active for many years.
  • It is generally utilized in farming and agriculture to kill the insects and protect the crops.
 Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane Diagram

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane Diagram

History

  • DDT was first synthesized in 1874 and was used in the second half of the World War 2 to regulate Malaria and typhus among civilians and troops.
  • In 1970, around 386 million pounds of DDT was produced globally.
  • In the us, in 1959, it had been used most heavily as a spray (around 80 million pound of DDT).
  • In the early 1970s, questions were raised related to negative effects of DDT on environment and living organisms.
  • In 1973, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency put a ban on the use of DDT within the United States.

Structure

  • The formula of DDT is C14H9Cl. It's highly hydrophobic and not soluble in water but it's soluble in most of the, organic solvents, oils and fats.
  • It is produced artificially by the reaction of chloral (ccl3cho) with chlorobenzene (C6H5Cl) within the presence of the catalyst sulphuric acid (H2SO4).

How it Works ?

  • When DDT is sprayed on the plants, the insects residing on the plants are exposed with it.
  • It affects the insect's neurons which cause eventual death. It puts also a really adverse effect on the human life cycle through edible plants.

Detrimental effects of DDT

 Effects of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

Effects of Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

Effects on human being

  • If we mention its adverse effect on humans only, it might be a really harmful substance for them. It results in tons of diseases in humans.
    • Diabetes
    • Liver cancer
    • Breast cancer
    • Uncontrolled cell mutation which later results in tumor and cancer.

Effects on Wildlife

  • DDT is very toxic and unsafe chemical for a good kind of wildlife i.e. Birds, mammals, fishes etc.
  • Its responsible thinning of eggshells and lower reproductive rate in certain bird species by causing egg breakage and embryo death.


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