JVD Full Form | What is the Full Form Of JVD

JVD Full Form - Jugular Vena Distension

 Jugular Vena Distension

Jugular Vena Distension

  • JVD stands for Jugular Vena Distension.
  • It refers to the bulging of external jugular vein in a person's neck. Jugular veins are located on each side of our neck.
  • They carry blood from an individual's head to superior vein which empties into the heart.
  • The blood pressure in the vena cava is called central venous pressure (CVP).
  • JVD occurs when the jugular vein bulges as a results of high pressure in the jugular vein due to the increased pressure of the superior vena cava and appears like a rope or tube (bulged vein) below the skin.

Central Blood Pressure

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  • The height of the bulge is measured form the top of the collar bone (clavicle).
  • It's an indirect measure of the central blood pressure , the pressure within the right upper chamber (atrium) of the heart.
  • The more is that the bulge, the more are going to be the pressure.
  • JVD is diagnosed through patient's medical record and a physical examination.
  • Within the physical examination, the doctor checks the central blood pressure, position of right atrium of the heart , hepatojugular reflux , no venous pulsation with compression, and arterial pulsation with compression.


  • There are various factors that cause JVD such as:
    • Right-sided heart failure
    • Pulmonary hypertension
    • Tricuspid valve stenosis
    • Superior vein obstruction
    • Constrictive pericarditis
    • Cardiac temponate


  • If a people is experiencing any of the following symptoms alongside JVD, he requires immediate medical attention.
    • Anxiety
    • Confusion
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Excessive sweating
    • Decreased alertness
    • Chest pain
    • Heart palpitations
    • Rapid pulse (tachycardia)
    • Low urine production
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Wheezing or choking
    • Memory loss
    • Nocturia

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