JVD Full Form | What is the Full Form Of JVD
JVD Full Form - Jugular Vena Distension
Jugular Vena Distension
- JVD stands for Jugular Vena Distension.
- It refers to the bulging of external jugular vein in a person's neck. Jugular veins are located on each side of our neck.
- They carry blood from an individual's head to superior vein which empties into the heart.
- The blood pressure in the vena cava is called central venous pressure (CVP).
- JVD occurs when the jugular vein bulges as a results of high pressure in the jugular vein due to the increased pressure of the superior vena cava and appears like a rope or tube (bulged vein) below the skin.
Central Blood Pressure
- The height of the bulge is measured form the top of the collar bone (clavicle).
- It's an indirect measure of the central blood pressure , the pressure within the right upper chamber (atrium) of the heart.
- The more is that the bulge, the more are going to be the pressure.
- JVD is diagnosed through patient's medical record and a physical examination.
- Within the physical examination, the doctor checks the central blood pressure, position of right atrium of the heart , hepatojugular reflux , no venous pulsation with compression, and arterial pulsation with compression.
- There are various factors that cause JVD such as:
- Right-sided heart failure
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Tricuspid valve stenosis
- Superior vein obstruction
- Constrictive pericarditis
- Cardiac temponate
- If a people is experiencing any of the following symptoms alongside JVD, he requires immediate medical attention.
- Excessive sweating
- Decreased alertness
- Chest pain
- Heart palpitations
- Rapid pulse (tachycardia)
- Low urine production
- Difficulty breathing
- Wheezing or choking
- Memory loss