SCADA Full Form | Full Form of SCADA
SCADA Full Form - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
- SCADA stands for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition. It’s a computer system designed to collect and analyse real-time data.
- It's used to control and monitor the equipment and manufacturing processes in various industries in several fields like water and waste control, telecommunications, oil and gas refining, power generation, and transportation.
- SCADA systems were used for the first time in the 1960s.
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
- SCADA controls the functioning of apparatus involved in manufacturing, production, fabrication, development, and more.
- It’s also used for infrastructural processes like gas and oil distribution, electric power distribution, water distribution, and more. Thus, it's reduced human intervention to a good extent.
- Furthermore, it's also used by industrial organizations to accomplish the followings tasks.
- To manage industrial processes locally as well as at remote locations.
- To monitor, gather and process real-time data.
- To interact with devices like sensors, valves, motors, pumps, and more using human-machine interface (HMI) software.
- It comprises both software and hardware.
- It comprises both software and hardware, different industries have different requirements, so there is also some differences in their SCADA systems, but still, Some features are common for all, such as:
- Graphic interface
- Process mimic
- Real-time checking
- Alarm system
- Data acquisition
- Data analysis
- Report generator
Features of Scada
How SCADA Systems Work
- Let us take an example of a leak on a pipeline. When a pipeline starts leaking, the SCADA system gathers information and forwards it to a central site and thus alerts the house station about the leak.
- It also analyses things, like how big is the leak and how much water is being released.
- A SCADA system will be very simple like which are used to monitor the environmental conditions of a small building or complex or will be very advanced like which are used to monitor the activity in a nuclear power plant or the activity of a municipal water system.