WMO Full Form | Full Form of WMO
WMO Full Form - World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization
- The full form of WMO is that the World Meteorological Organization.
- The United Nations Specialized Department is responsible for encouraging international cooperation within the fields of atmospheric science, hydrology, climatology and geophysics.
- The WMO comprises 193 nations and territories and facilitates the free and unrestricted exchange of knowledge, data & research among its members of respective meteorological & hydrological institutions.
- The WMO, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, is regulated by the World Meteorological Congress, composed of the Member States, which sets policy and goals every four years.
- The Congress is headed by a council controlled by the President, presently Gerhard Adrian of Germany.
History of WMO
- The WMO developed from a non-governmental body, the International Meteorological Body, established in 1873 as a platform for the exchange of climate research and data.
- The World Meteorological Convention of 1947, which originally proposed the world Meteorological Organization, resulted in proposals to change the status and performance of the IMO.
- The Convention came into force on March 23, 1950, and therefore the preceding year WMO started operation within the UN system as an intergovernmental organization.
Main functions of WMO
- WMO’s work is to provide the Member States with services and information connected to the weather, climate also as water via technical and scientific systems. A number of WMO’s significant purposes are provided below;
- Enhance and encourage the implementation and maintenance of systems for the rapid interchange of weather and meteorological information.
- Supporting the standardization of observations associated with meteorology and weather.
- Extend meteorology’s application to aviation, shipping, agriculture, water issues then on.
- Facilitate hydrological operations and collaboration among hydrological and meteorological services.
- Promote meteorological and linked research and training programmes.
- Contribute to the formulation of climate, weather and water policies at international and national levels.