FORTRAN Full Form | What is the Full Form of FORTRAN
FORTRAN Full Form - Formula Translation
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- FORTRAN is that the first high level programing language developed by John Backus in 1957.
- It had been basically designed to write down programs for high-performance computing and is especially fitted to numeric computing scientific computing and scientific applications that involve extensive mathematical computations.
- The most motive behind its designing was to translate math formulas into code.
- Before the invention of FORTRAN, programmers used assembly/machine code to develop a program which was excessively difficult and time consuming.
- This led to the invention of FORTRAN which was simple to find out, machine independent, makes mathematical calculations easy, and is suitable for all sort of applications.
- Since it had been so easier to code, programmers were ready to write their programs 500% faster in FORTRAN than the earlier ones.
- FORTRAN IV and FORTRAN 77 are the common versions of FORTRAN.
- FORTRAN IV became a USASI standard in 1966 and FORTRAN 77 was approved by ANSI in 1978.
- Within the early 1990s, a new ISO and ANSI standard for FORTRAN, called FORTRAN 90 was developed.
- Some of the key features of this language are as follows :
- Simple language : Easy to find out and understand.
- Machine independent : A program are often transported from one machine to a different machine.
- Expresses complex mathematical functions: It offers various natural ways to precise complex mathematical functions.
- Efficient execution : Only around 20% decrease in efficiency as compared to or machine language.
- Storage allocation : It allows programmers to regulate the allocation of storage.
- Freedom in code layout : The programmers don't have to layout code in rigidly defined columns unlike assembly or machine language.
- FORTRAN II
- FORTRAN III
- FORTRAN IV
- FORTRAN 66
- FORTRAN 77
- FORTRAN 90
- FORTRAN 95
- FORTRAN 2003
- FORTRAN 2008
- FORTRAN 2015
- Number Crunching : Easy to solve algebraic problems.
- Numeric Computing
- Scientific Computing