CRPF Full Form | Full Form of CRPF
CRPF Full Form - Central Reserve Police Force
- CRPF stands for Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
- It's a paramilitary which is that the largest Central Armed police force in India. CRPF works under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of India.
- Its primary goal is to help the state and union territory governments in maintaining law and order in their territories. It's headquartered in New Delhi, India.
- The government of India has established the CRPR academy to coach the young candidates who join the CRPF. As of July 2017, Sh Rajeev Rai Bhatnagar is that the Director General of CRPF.
Central Reserve Police Force
- The name CRPF comes from the Crown Representative's Police (CRP) which was founded on 27 July 1939 to protect British people living within the sensitive states of India.
- In 1949, under the CRPF Act, the CRP was renamed CRPF.
- On October 21, 1959, a small CRPF patrol was attacked by the Chinese soldiers and 10 out of the 20 CRPF soldiers sacrificed their lives for the country. To honor the martyrdom of these soldiers, October 21 is remembered because the Police Commemoration Day.
- In the 1960s , most of the state police battalions were merged with CRPF.
- Until 1965, CRPF was guarding the India-Pakistan Border later BSF was deployed to protect the border.
- It played an important role in curbing militant activities in Punjab during 1980s and insurgency in Tripura during 1990s.
- In 1992, a specialized unit of CRPF (Rapid Action Force) was established by converting 10 unattached battalions of CRPF to deal with riots.
- In 1986, the primary Mahila Battalion in CRPF, the 88(M) Bn was established to handle women agitations.
- In 2001 Indian Parliament attack, CRPF killed all the five terrorists involved within the attack. Within the same year, it had been designated as the premier internal security force of India.
- In 2008, Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (cobra), a specialized unit of CRPF was established to counter naxal operations.
Role of CRPF
- Crowd and Riot control.
- To counter Insurgency operations.
- To counter Naxal operations.
- Protection of vips and vital installations like airports and powerhouses.
- To provide security during elections in sensitive areas.
- To support Armed forces during war times.
- To monitor the environmental degradation and protect the local Flora and Fauna.
- To participate in UN Peace Keeping Mission.
- To conduct Rescue and Relief Operations during Natural Calamities.