FTP Full Form | What is the Full Form of FTP

FTP Full Form - File Transfer Protocol

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  • FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.
  • FTP may be a standard network protocol wont to transfer files between computers (a client and server) over a TCP/IP network.
  • It's a function of Application layer and built on client-server architecture.
  • Client controls the conversation, while server transmits the file content.
  • Browser acts as a client and starts the conversation by making some request on the server.
  • Through FTP, a client can remove, download, delete, or upload files on a server.
 FTP Cycle

FTP Cycle

How FTP Works

  • FTP works within the same way as HTTP and SMTP.
  • Users provide authentication by signing in.
  • Although, some servers work as anonymous file transfer protocol means they supply their data without log in.
  • When a client transfers a file to the server is named "Uploading" and server file transfer to client is named "Downloading".
  • Thus, it's generally wont to download files from a server over the web and to upload files to a server using internet.

Active and Passive Connection Mode

  • It works during a passive or active mode.
  • In active mode, client initiates an invitation and server replies back via connecting data and transferring data.
  • In passive mode, server uses command channel to send information to the client.
  • Passive mode works well across Firewall and Network Address Translation (NAT) gateways.
  • Nowadays, HTTP is usually used over FTP, whereas, FTP remains getting used to transfer some files like in building a website , to download new applications, via web browsers.


  • The original FTP specification was written by AbhayBhushan.
  • It had been published as RFC 114 on 16 April, 1971.
  • In June 1980, it had been replaced by RFC 765.
  • The present specification is RFC 959.
  • The primary FTP applications were trusted DOS prompt.
  • Later, various Graphical User Interface ( GUI ) clients are developed to permit user to upload and download file with ease.

Commonly Used FTP Clients

  • FTP client is software designed to transfer files between computers using internet. Some FTP clients are given below:
    • FileZila : It's a well-liked FTP client that's freely available for Windows, Macintosh and Linux users.
    • Fire FTP : It's a plug-in for the favored Firefox browser . It are often used as a standalone FTP program.
    • Dreamweaver : It are often purchased from Adobe. It a design program that has FTP access together of its features.

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