LPG Full Form | Full Form of LPG

LPG Full Form - Liquefied Petroleum Gas

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 Liquefied Petroleum Gas

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

  • LPG stands for Liquefied Petroleum Gas.
  • It's a generic name that refers to a group of flammable hydrocarbon gasses like propane, butane, isobutane, etc.
  • These gasses are liquefied by pressurization and commonly used as fuel.
  • LPG is colourless, odourless and heavier than air.
  • It's a high heating or caloric value that permits it produce more heat during a short lifetime.
  • It's a clean-burning fuel which is typically sold in cylinders of various sizes in liquid form. So, it's a transportable, convenient energy source that's easy to store, use and transport.
  • The unpleasant smell of the LPG is due to the presence of an odorant which is added to LPG for safety reasons.
  • LPG is extracted from gas and petroleum through processing and refining respectively. So, it's a fuel closely associated with oil. Around 65% of the LPG that we use is obtained directly from deep within the world.
  • The remaining is manufactured indirectly from petroleum or crude oil found under the surface of Earth.
  • It exists in two forms (liquid and vapor) that depend upon the pressure and temperate, e.g. When 270 liters of LPG (propane) is compressed it becomes one liter of liquid LPG.

LPG Uses

  • LPG has many domestic and industrial uses. A number of its main uses are given below;
 Lpg Uses

Lpg Uses

  • Cooking :
    • For the cooking purpose, it's stored in liquid form during a cylinder or tank. It's a perfect fuel for cooking because it burns completely and doesn't produce smoke or leave any residue.
  • Heating :
    • LPG heaters generate radiant heat and convection heat. There also are in-built consoles or ducted heating plant in homes which use LPG to supply heat during winters. It's also wont to heat water flowing through a closed pipe system to radiators.
  • Hot Water :
    • LPG-operated geysers use LPG to produce hot water. They're commonly used in winters for bathing, washing, etc.
  • Motor fuel :
    • LPG is additionally used as a motor fuel in vehicles like cars, buses, etc. It's a cheap fuel as your vehicle will consume less LPG than petrol or diesel to travel an equivalent distance. Also, LPG is more environment-friendly because it burns completely without producing smoke and leaving the residue.
  • Electricity :
    • LPG is additionally used by the people that live during a self-sufficient manner (off-the-grid) to get electricity.

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