Https Full Form | Full Form of Https

HTTPS Full Form - Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

 Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

  • HTTPS is an abbreviation for hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. It's an encrypted version of HTTP.
  • HTTPS uses a mixture of Transport Layer Security (TLS) Secure Sockets Layer ( SSL ) that helps establish a secure encrypted connection between the host server and therefore the browser.

What is HTTPS ?

  • Just like the HTTP, HTTPS is additionally a networking protocol used for collaborative, distributed, hypermedia information systems.
  • However, it's secure when compared to HTTP, which may be a non-secure application protocol.
  • HTTPS isn't actually the opposite of HTTP. Instead, it's a mixture of the HTTP with the TLS/SSL protocols that help establish encrypted communication and secure identification of a network web server.

What is Hypertext ?

 Text That Contains a Link

Text That Contains a Link

  • Hypertext may be a specific type of text that contains a link. This means that if we click on a word or text on a webpage that features a link with it, we'll be redirected to a new website based on the specified link.

How does HTTPS work ?

  • When we enter https:// within the browser's URL bar before the name, it instructs the browser to attach over HTTPS.
  • During this case, the browser generates a GET request and transfers it across the web. Once the target server receives this request, it generates an HTTPS response back to the user's browser.
  • If the connection is established properly, an internet page will be retrieved from the server and displayed on the browser. Otherwise, there'll be an HTTPS status code describing the corresponding errors.
  • In HTTPS, transactions are carried out with the help of a key-based encryption algorithm.
  • The public key infrastructure (PKI) is used as it's based on by most web browsers, while the private key's used by the webserver of the actual website the user wants to access.
  • The distribution of public keys is completed through certificates that are maintained by web browsers.
  • When a client (often a user’s browser) starts a connection with a host server, the 2 devices use the public and private key to agree on new keys, known as session keys, to encrypt further communications between them.
  • Encryption keys are exchanged between the host server and therefore the browser before the particular data or hypertext.

Is HTTPS secure ?

  • Yes, HTTPS may be a secured application protocol. Just like HTTP, HTTPS is additionally used to request web data and display it on the web browser.
  • But, HTTPS features a slightly different working process. Unlike HTTP, HTTPS encrypts requests and responses so an intercepting hacker wouldn't see the particular text a user has entered.
  • Instead, the hacker will see random characters and wouldn't be ready to understand it due to the encryption.

Characteristics of HTTPS

  • Some of the most characteristics of HTTP are given below :
    • It uses powerful public-key cryptography that helps encrypt the connection between a client and a server.
    • HTTPS encrypts all message substance, including HTTP headers and request/response data. The verification perspective of HTTPS requires a trusted third party to sign server-side digital certificates. Only the client and the server know what's being transferred or communicated.
    • HTTPS uses an SSL certificate that helps in gaining SEO (Search Engine Optimization) benefits from Google and other search engines.

Advantages of HTTPS

  • Some of the most advantages of HTTP are given below:
    • HTTPS helps secure user's data-in-transit.
    • It builds user-trust as there'll be no 'Not Secure' warning within the browser.
    • It helps boost SERP (Search Engine Result Page) rankings.
    • It secures the web site from various attacks, like Phishing , MITM, and many others.

Disadvantages of HTTPS

  • Some of the most disadvantages of HTTP are given below:
    • HTTPS is relatively slower because it takes a little bit of time during encryption.
    • Due to the encryption process, HTTPS includes extra overhead during data transfer.
    • You've got to pay for an SSL certificate to use HTTPS.
    • It can cause browser caching issues for legacy browsers (e.g., IE6).

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