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CBC Full Form - Complete Blood Count

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 Complete Blood Count

Complete Blood Count

  • CBC stands for Complete Blood Count.
  • It refers to a common blood test that's performed to diagnose different medical conditions like anemia, infection, dengue, malaria, etc. in this test, a trained person like a paramedic or lab technician usually takes blood from a vein that's visible from the skin, e.g. a vein on the back of the hand or inner angle of the elbow.
  • CBC analyzes and measures the all major components of the blood like red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin etc.
  • It shows the increase or decrease in the count of blood cell components. Typically, a CBC provides the following information:
    • White blood cell count (WBCs or Leukocyte count)
    • WBC differential count
    • Red Blood Cells count (RBCs or Erythrocyte count)
    • Hematocrit (Hct)
    • Hemoglobin (Hbg)
    • Platelet count
    • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
    • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
    • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)
    • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
    • Red cell distribution width (RDW)
  • CBC helps detect various disorders, some of which are as follows:
    • Infections
    • Inflammation
    • Cancer
    • Leukemia
    • Thalassemia
    • Anemia
    • Dehydration
    • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
    • Bone marrow failure
    • Dengue, Malaria etc.

What happens during a CBC ?

  • During a CBC, a lab technician will draw blood from a vein, typically from the inside of your elbow or from the rear of your hand. The test will take only a couple of minutes.
  • The technician:
    • Cleans your skin with an antiseptic wipe
    • Places an elastic band, or tourniquet, around your upper arm to help the vein swell with blood
    • Inserts a needle in the your and collects a blood sample in one or more vials
    • Removes the elastic band
    • Covers the area with a bandage to stop any bleeding
    • Label your sample and send it to a lab for analysis
  • A blood test is slightly uncomfortable. When the needle punctures your skin, you might feel a prick or pinching sensation. Some people also feel faint or light-headed once they see blood. Afterwards, you'll have minor bruising, but it'll clear up within a few days.

When is a CBC ordered ?

  • Your doctor may order a CBC as part of a routine checkup or if you have unexplained symptoms like bleeding or bruising.
  • A CBC can help your doctor do the following.
    • Evaluate your overall health : Many doctors will order a CBC so they can have a baseline view of your health. A CBC also helps your doctor screen for any health problems.
    • Diagnose a health problem : Your doctor may order a CBC if you've got unexplained symptoms like weakness, tiredness, fever, redness, swelling, bruising, or bleeding.
    • Monitor an ill health : Your doctor may regularly order CBCs to watch your condition if you've got been diagnosed with a disorder that affects blood cell counts.
    • Monitor your treatment : Certain medical treatments can affect your blood cell counts and should require regular CBCs. Your doctor can evaluate how well your treatment is working based on your CBC.
 Complete Blood Count Ordered

Complete Blood Count Ordered

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