BMD Full Form in Medical | Full Form of BMD
BMD Full Form - Bone Mineral Density
- Here, you’ll get the solution of the following BMD related questions: full form of BMD , BMD full form , BMD full form in medical
Bone Mineral Density(BMD)
- BMD stands for Bone Mineral Density It refers to an X-ray test that measures the density of minerals in your bones, e.g. bone density.
- It shows how many grams of calcium and other minerals are packed per unit volume of your bone.
- This test indicates the strength and health of your bones. Usually, people that are at the risk of and osteopenia (mild bone loss) and osteoporosis (severe bone loss) undergo this test.
- Thus, BMD test is performed to:
- To identity decrease in bone density before you get a bone fracture
- To diagnose osteoporosis
- To monitor osteoporosis treatment
How is MDT Performed ?
Kinds Of BMD
- It is a painless, non-invasive procedure that needs no medication. It involves a low radiation exposure and you're required to lie on a bench or table during the test. There are two kinds of bone density scans:
- Central DXA : In this scan, an X-ray machine scans your spine, hip and other bones in your torso.
- Peripheral DXA : In this scan, an X-ray machine scans the bones of forearm, wrist, fingers or heel.
Understanding BDT Results
- BDT results are reported as T-scores. A T-score may be a comparison of your bone density with the bone density of a 30-year old healthy person. So, it indicates how much your bone density is higher or less than the bone density of a healthy 30-year old person.
- T-score between 1 and -1 : Normal bone density
- T-score between -1 and -2.5 : Low bone density (osteopenia)
- T-score of -2.5 or below, e.g. -2.6, -3.2 indicates Osteoporosis
- Furthermore, BMD test is recommended by a doctor as a preventive screening for bone density under the following conditions :
- An X-ray showing bone loss in your spine
- Back pain with a possible break or bone loss in your spine
- Height decreases by half or more inch within one year
- Long-term use of steroids which will lower bone density
- After an organ or bone marrow transplant as anti-rejection drugs may affect the bone-rebuilding process
- Postmenopausal woman at the age of fifty or more
- All women over the age of 65 as they're more prone to fractures