AIDS Full Form | Full Form of AIDS

AIDS Full Form - Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

 AIDS Full Form

AIDS Full Form

  • AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Each word are often explained as:
    • Acquired : It means you'll get infected with it.
    • Immune Deficiency : It specifies the weakness of body's system.
    • Syndrome : it's a gaggle symptoms that structure a disease.
  • AIDS may be a disease of human system caused by the infection with human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ). The initial symptoms of this disease could also be a quick period of influenza-like illness.
  • AIDS may be a disease which can progress for an extended period of your time without any symptoms. because the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the system and makes the infected person too weak and thus vulnerable to common infections like Tuberculosis, tumors, asthma, etc.

How HIV Virus Attacks

  • The HIV virus attacks on the T-cells within the system and makes your body so weak that it are often easily suffering from bacteria, virus and fungi. In starting weeks, it can show symptoms sort of a headache, fever, sore joints and muscles, etc.
  • When the infection spreads, the human system becomes weaker and loses its ability to fight the traditional infections, diseases and cancers.
  • AIDS is that the extreme condition of this infection, i.e. a person infected with HIV will reach AIDS, if not treated properly.

Stages of HIV

  • The HIV infection is split into three stages:
    • Acute HIV Infection
    • Chronic HIV Infection
    • AIDS/ Advanced Infection
 Stagesof HIV

Stagesof HIV

Acute HIV Infection

  • This is often the primary stage of HIV infection. Generally, the symptoms of HIV infection don't appear instantly after the infection. So, people do not know directly once they are infected with HIV.
  • It takes around two to four weeks for the initial symptoms of HIV to seem. This stage starts when the symptoms of HIV start appearing. This stage is additionally called primary HIV infection or acute retroviral syndrome.
  • The flu-like sickness which may be a the most symptom during this stage is understood as acute HIV infection.

Chronic HIV Infection

  • This is often the second stage of HIV infection. During this stage, the system loses the battle with HIV and therefore the flu like symptoms disappear. The opposite symptoms may take months or years to seem.
  • Doctors call this stage asymptomatic or clinical latent period. During this stage, the virus starts replicating within the body that gently weakens the system.
  • You'll not look or feel sick, so there are chances that you simply can pass HIV to others. So, the first testing for HIV is extremely important, even if you're feeling fine.

AIDS/Advanced Infection

  • This is often the third and advanced stage of HIV infection.
  • During this stage, your CD4 T-cell number goes below 200 and your immunity decreases drastically that cause you to more vulnerable to opportunistic infections.

Reasons for HIV infection

  • The HIV can be found in saliva, tears, blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk and systema nervosum issue. However, only the HIV that's found in blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk has been found to transmit the infection to others.
  • Aids are often transmitted from person to person in many ways:
    • By unprotected intercourse with an infected person.
    • By transfusion.
    • From mother to a toddler (By birth), it also can be spread by breastfeeding.
    • Through head , in some cases it can possible by deep kissing.
    • By the utilization of hypodermic needles.
    • Artificial insemination with denoted semen infected with HIV.
    • Through a donated organ received from an infected donor.

Symptoms of AIDS

  • Aids are often transmitted from person to person in many ways:
    • Rapid weight loss.
    • Recurring fever or extreme night sweats.
    • Sore throat.
    • Extreme tiredness, Muscles and joint pain.
 Symptom of HIV

Symptom of HIV

Prevention of AIDS/HIV

  • Avoid sexual activity with any of the following :
    • People infected or suspected to be infected with AIDS
    • Multiple partners
    • A person who has multiple partners
    • A person who takes IV drugs
  • Do not use intravenous drugs.
  • Avoid exposure to blood when the HIV status of the bleeding person is unknown.
  • The HIV positive person shouldn't donate blood, plasma, sperm and body organs.
  • HIV positive women should take the specified precaution and medications to scale back the probabilities of infection to the unborn children.
  • HIV positive women shouldn't breast feed.
  • Safe sex practices like use of latex condoms should be adopted

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