NASA Full Form | What is NASA Full Form




NASA Full Form - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

 NASA

NASA

  • NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  • It's a USA agency that works for the civilian space program also as for aeronautics, scientific discovery, Earth and aerospace research.
 Space Organaisation

Space Organaisation

  • It had been established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on 1 October 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  • It deals with the event of peaceful applications (rather than military) in space science and is that the in-charge of the U.S. science and technology that deals with space exploration and airplanes.
  • NASA is led by an Administrator. As of July 2019, Jim Bridenstine is that the 13th administrator of NASAA and James W. Morhard is that the 14th Deputy Administrator of NASA.
  • NASA Vision :
    • To get and expand knowledge for the advantage of humanity.
    • The headquarters of NASA is in Washington, and it's 10 NASA centers across the US.
    • It also has 7 NASA workplaces for testing and studying Earth and space. NASA's work are often divided into four different types:
      • Aeronautics : It's responsible for the event of advanced aviation technologies.
      • Human Exploration and Operations : It deals with the management of manned space missions, international space platform also as operations associated with launching services, space transportation, and space communications for both manned and robotic exploration programs.
      • Science : It deals with the programs designed for understanding the origin, structure, evolution, and future of the earth, the solar system, and the universe.
      • Space Technology : It deals with the event of space science and exploration technologies.

Space Flight Programs

NASA has conducted both manned and unmanned space flight programs. Some of its famous space flight programs are as follows :

Manned Space Programs

  • A number of NASA's major manned program are as follows:
    • X-15 Rocket Plane : (1959-1968)
    • Project Mercury : (1959-1963)
    • Project Gemini : (1961-1966)
    • Project Apollo : (1961-1972): Apollo was one of the most expensive NASA scientific program ever. It cost quite $20 billion in 1960. at the present , its estimated value is nearly $205 billion. The first Moon landing manned spacecraft was Apollo 11 mission in July 1969. The first person who lands on the Moon was Neil Armstrong.
    • Skylab : (1965-1979)
    • Space Shuttle Program : (1972-2011) etc.

Unmanned Space Programs

  • There are over 1000 unmanned missions of NASA to explore the world and other planets within the solar system.
  • Furthermore, NASA also launches communication satellites for the welfare of human society.
  • Some of the important unmanned space programs are listed below :
    • Explorer 1 : The primary US unmanned satellite.
    • Viking 1 : The primary successful landing on Mars in 1976.
    • Pioneer 10 : First spacecraft to go to Jupiter
    • Pioneer 11 : First spacecraft to go to Saturn
    • Voyager 2 : The primary spacecraft to go to Uranus and Neptune etc.

NASA Grant Program Highlights

  • Space Grant :
    • NASA introduced the National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program, which is additionally referred to as an area Grant, in 1989.
    • It's a network of schools and universities which work to make and expand opportunities for Americans to know and participate in space and aeronautics projects of NASA by supporting and improving science and engineering education, research, and public outreach efforts.
  • NASA Research Opportunities :
    • NASA's overall mission is to support research within the field of science and technology.
    • It solicits the research by releasing research announcements in various science and technology disciplines. Through a peer-review process, it evaluates and selects research proposals received in response to those research announcements.
  • Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and little Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs :
    • These are NASAs programs to fund the research, development, and demonstration of innovative technologies that fulfill the requirements of NASA and have huge potential for successful commercialization.
  • International space platform Funding Opportunities :
    • NASA funding is out there through NASA Research Announcements (NRAs).
    • There are various typing funding available to scientists to be used for International space platform (ISS) research and development, payload development and processing, on-orbit operation, and more.
    • National Laboratory funding for space platform use is obtained through research opportunities with other government agencies also like entities within the private and non-profit sectors.


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