NDA Full Form | Full Form of NDA

NDA Full Form - National Democratic Alliance

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 National Democratic Alliance

National Democratic Alliance

  • The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is an Indian political alliance made up of center-right and right-wing political parties and led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
  • It had been founded in 1998 and currently controls the Indian union government also as the government of 18 Indian states.
  • Its first chairman was Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the previous Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014.
  • The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power within the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%.
  • Its leader, Modi, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%.


  • The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections.
  • The most aim of the NDA was to make an anti-Congress coalition. It had been led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samta Party and therefore the AIADMK, also as Shiv Sena, the sole member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP.
  • After the election, it had been able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister.
  • The government collapsed within a year as the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority.
  • Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this point served a full five-year term.
  • The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country.
  • However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats within the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses.


  • The National Democratic Alliance doesn't have a formal governing structure like an executive board or politburo.
  • It's been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues like sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and therefore the issues that are raised in Parliament.
  • Given the numerous ideologies among the parties, there are many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.
  • Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) party .
  • On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the CM of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener.
  • On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the assistance of BJP formed the govt in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years.

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