IVF Full Form in Medical | Full Form of IVF




IVF Full Form - In Vitro Fertilization

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 IN Vitro Fertilization

IN Vitro Fertilization

  • IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization.
  • It's an assisted reproductive technique (ART) used to treat infertility or genetic problems.
  • It helps infertile couples conceive a child.
  • This system involves the fertilization of egg with sperm outside the body during a laboratory dish. Because the fertilization takes place outside the body so it's called in vitro fertilization.
  • After fertilization, the embryo is transferred to the uterus of female.

The IVF comprises four basic steps which are as follows:

Egg production/stimulation

  • During this step, fertility medications are used to stimulate the egg production within the human body.
  • The multiple eggs are desired as some eggs might not develop or fertilize after retrieval.

Egg retrieval

  • This step involves a minor surgical procedure to retrieve eggs.
  • An ultrasound imaging guided hollow needle is skilled pelvic cavity to get rid of ovarian follicles from ovary. Then the follicular fluids are scanned so as to extract the available eggs.

Fertilization

  • In this step, the eggs are fertilized with the male’s sperm within the laboratory.
  • The eggs are monitored to make sure that fertilization and cell division are happening.
  • The embryos are left for two to six days to culture before transferring to the uterus.

Embryo Transfer

  • During this step, a 4-5 day old embryo is placed within the uterus of female using a slender, tiny catheter or tube.
  • The implantation usually occurs around six to 10 day following egg retrieval. After around 9 to 12 days, the female is tested to make sure that embryo is implanted safely.


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