TNT Full Form | Full Form of TNT
TNT Full Form - Trinitrotoluene
- Here you’ll get the solution for the following TNT related questions, full form of TNT , what is the full form of TNT , full form of TNT in chemistry
- The full form of TNT is Trinitrotoluene.
- TNT may be a yellow solid that's often seen as a reagent within the chemical synthesis process but is usually known for being an explosive substance with smooth handling characteristics.
- TNT is an efficient explosive because it can turn from solid to hot expanding gases quite rapidly. 2 Moles of solid TNT transform nearly into 15 moles of hot gas, including little carbon Powder that brings the explosion characteristics.
Properties of TNT
- The important properties of TNT are listed below.
|TNT also called as||2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluol.|
|Molar mass||227.132 gmol−1|
|Appearance||Solid has a pale yellow colour|
|Melting and boiling point||80.35 °C or 240.0 °C|
History of TNT
- TNT was first invented in 1863 by Julius Wilbrand, a German chemist. It had been first used for several years as a yellow dye.
- Another German chemist, Carl Haussermann, identified its explosive function in 1891.
- In 1902, it had been introduced by the German Army as a filling for artillery shells.
- The British Army used lyddite-filed shells, and it substituted lyddite with TNT later in 1907.
Synthesizing method of TNT
The synthesizing of TNT within the industry follows three steps.
- 1st step :
- Formation of MNT (mono nitro toluene) by nitration process within the presence of nitric and vitriol.
- 2nd step :
- Separation of DNT and again nitration process to produce DNT (di nitro toluene).
- 3rd step :
- Formation of TNT from DNT by nitration process within the presence of oleum and anhydrous nitric acid.
Use of TNT
- TNT is usually used for explosive purposes in industry & military sector.
- It is a chemical explosive suitable for demolitions.
- TNT also can be used to generate charge transfer salt.