CMV Full Form | What is the Full Form of CMV

CMV Full Form - Cytomegalovirus

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 Cyto Megalo Virus

Cyto Megalo Virus

  • CMV stands for Cytomegalovirus.
  • It's a common virus which is usually harmless and infects people of all ages.
  • It's also often transmitted to children before birth. Once it enters into your body, it stays in your body for the rest of your life during a dormant state. Most of the people infected with CMV show no symptoms.
  • It is diagnosed through blood tests. CMV includes a double-stranded DNA and it belongs to the Herpesviridae family.
  • It generally spreads through close contact with an individual infected with CMV.
  • The infected person can spread it through body fluids like saliva, urine, blood, semen etc. So, avoid glass, utensils or other objects touched or used by an infected person.
  • A healthy person with good immunity doesn't require any medical treatment for CMV infection.
  • Usually the people who have weak immunity may need medical treatment for CMV infection.


  • People with CMV infection rarely show any symptom. However, some people may experience mild illness within the beginning which will include :
    • Fever
    • Tiredness
    • Sore throat
    • Swollen glands
    • Eye infection
    • Muscle aches
    • Loss of appetite
    • Stiff Joints


  • Wash your hands properly
  • Avoid contact with saliva when you kiss a child
  • Don't use glass or other utensils used by infected persons
  • Be careful while handling disposable items like diapers, tissues etc.
  • Clean objects that are available contact with child’s saliva, urine etc.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Don't feed a child with breast milk of an infected mother.

Risk factors

  • CMV is a widespread and common virus which will infect almost anyone.

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Healthy adults

  • Rarely, CMV causes a healthy adult to develop mononucleosis. Other rare complications for healthy adults include problems with the digestive system, liver, brain and nervous system.
  • People who have weakened immunity

Complications of CMV infection can include:

  • Vision loss, due to inflammation of the light-sensing layer of the eye (retinitis)
  • Digestive system problems, including inflammation of the colon (colitis), esophagus (esophagitis) and liver (hepatitis)
  • Nervous system problems, including brain inflammation (encephalitis)
  • Pneumonia

Infants who have Congenital CMV

  • An infant whose mother first became infected with CMV during pregnancy is more likely to experience complications. Complications for the baby can include:
    • Hearing loss
    • Intellectual disability
    • Vision problems
    • Seizures
    • Lack of coordination
    • Weakness or problems using muscles

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