RNA Full Form | Full Form of RNA

RNA Full Form - Ribonucleic Acid

  • Here, you’ll get the solution of the following RNA related questions: full form of RNA , full form of RNA and DNA , what is the full form of RNA , what is the full form of RNA and DNA .
 Ribonucleic Acid

Ribonucleic Acid

  • RNA stands for Ribonucleic Acid. It's one among the major biological macromolecules that's essential for all known forms of life. It performs various important biological roles related to protein synthesis like transcription, decoding, regulation and expression of genes.

Structure of RNA

 Structure of RNA

Structure of RNA

  • It is one stranded molecule composed of ribonucleotides. Like DNA, it's three components:
    • A Nitrogenous Base : It are often adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C) or uracil (U).
    • A Five-Carbon Sugar : It's ribose.
    • A Phosphate Group : It's attached to the 3' position of 1 ribose and 5' position of the next ribose.
  • The nucleotides of RNA are joined to at least one another through covalent bonds that exist between the phosphate of 1 molecule and sugar of another molecule.
  • This linkage between nucleotides is named phosphodiester linkage or bond.
  • RNA isn't always linear; it can fold to form a complex three dimensional structure called hairpin loops.
  • During this structure, nitrogenous bases bind to at least one another, i.e. Adenine pairs with uracil (A-U) and guanine pairs with cytosine (G-C).
  • Hairpin loops are commonly found in messenger (mRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA).

Types of RNA

There are mainly three kinds of RNA molecule which are as follows:

 Types of RNA

Types of RNA

  • Messenger RNA (m RNA) :
    • It plays an important role in DNA transcription; a process in which m RNA is transcribed from one strand of DNA, so its base sequence is complementary to DNA template strand. It allows it to hold the genetic information from the DNA within the form of series of three-base code which specifies a specific amino acid.
  • Transfer RNA (t RNA) :
    • It's the smallest of the three kinds of RNA molecules. It always has 74 to 95 nucleotide residues. It transfers the amino acids from cytoplasm to the protein synthesizing machinery, so it's called t RNA.
  • Ribosomal RNA (r RNA) :
    • It constitutes around 85% of the whole RNA of the cell. It plays an important role in protein synthesis because it interacts with mRNA and tRNA at various stages of translation (protein synthesis).

Related Searches to RNA Full Form | Full Form of RNA

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add wikitechy.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.