TB Full Form | Full Form of TB

TB Full Form - Tuberculosis

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  • TB stands for Tuberculosis. It’s an infectious disease that's caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is an aerobic bacterium that grows slowly and may grow within body cells.
  • It mostly affects the lungs of an individual. TB is curable; however, if proper treatment isn't being taken by the patient, it's going to cause death.
  • It is a highly contagious disease because it spreads from person to person. For example, when a TB patient sneezes or coughs, the TB germs are released into the air.
  • When a healthy person inhales these germs he or she gets infected. It’s diagnosed by a skin test which if comes positive is followed by an X-ray of the chest that's done to seek out the status of the infection.

Types of TB

 Types of TB

Types of TB

There are two major types of TB :

Latent TB

  • This kind of TB, the infected person has germs in their body but they're not ill and do not transmit disease.
  • Also, they do not show symptoms of TB. Around 1/3 population of the world is infected with latent TB which means although they're infected; they're not ill yet and can't transmit the disease.
  • People that have a weak system, affected by malnutrition or other diseases like diabetes or using tobacco are at a better risk of getting infected with TB or to progress from latent to active TB.

Active TB

  • This is the severe sort of TB during which the germs multiply and cause illness and symptoms of TB.
  • An individual with active TB can spread TB to other healthy persons.
  • Some of the common symptoms of TB are as follows:
    • Cough that continues quite two or three weeks
    • Pain within the chest
    • Coughing up blood
    • Loss of appetite
    • Unintentional Weight loss
    • Fever, chills and night sweats
    • Pain within the bones

Treatment of TB

  • The treatment of TB may be a lengthy process during which the patient is required to require medication regularly without any gap.
  • For the cure of TB, the world Health Organization ( WHO ) introduced an idea to regulate TB.
  • This plan is understood as 'Directly observed treatment, short course' (DOTS). As per this strategy, a nurse or the other health care worker prescribes the TB drugs to patients and makes sure the patient takes medicine regularly and completes the course.

A TB patient may take the following precautions to stop the spread of TB

  • Cover mouth with a tissue while sneezing or coughing. Seal the tissue during a bag before throwing it away or fixing the dustbin.
  • Wash hands properly after sneezing or coughing.
  • Stay at home, avoid getting to work, school, markets or other public places.
  • Don't visit other people also as don't invite anyone to go to you.
  • Avoid public transportation.
  • Wear a mask while going out for the work that can't be avoided.

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