DJD Full Form | Full Form of DJD




DJD Full Form - Degenerative Joint Disease

 Degenerative Joint Disease

Degenerative Joint Disease

  • DJD stands for Degenerative Joint Disease.
  • It's also called osteoarthritis, a kind of arthritis that causes inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints.
  • It always affects the joints of hands, knees, spine, and hips and develops as a person’s body wears down with age.
  • It usually develops slowly in the beginning so it is hard to diagnose this medical condition until it starts causing painful symptoms. So, if you're experiencing pain in your body or joints while performing your daily tasks, you should consult the doctor to work out if you're affected by a degenerative joint disease.
  • The doctor may perform certain tests to see if you're affected by DJD or another disease.
  • An accurate diagnosis and proactively treating osteoarthritis help eliminate or alleviate devastating symptoms and development of severe secondary conditions. Without treatment, it always gets worse over time and begins to affect other joints of the body.
 Healthy Point and  Osteoarthritis

Healthy Point and Osteoarthritis

Causes

  • The primary explanation for DJD is aging as an individual gets older the danger of osteoarthritis increases. There also are some factors which will cause this condition, such as:
    • Frequently lifting heavy objects as in manual labour
    • Congenital joint malformation
    • Gender, women are more likely suffering from osteoarthritis than men
    • Genetic predisposition
    • Joint injuries including torn cartilage, dislocated joints
    • Ligament injuries
    • Obesity
    • Smoking and malnutrition.

Symptoms

  • Pain or stiffness in a joint
  • Swelling, redness around the joint
  • Limited mobility
  • Bone spurs
  • Difficult walking
  • Grating sensation during movement of a joint.

Treatment

  • The treatment of DJD gives emphasis on symptom management. So, its treatment is predicated on the severity of the symptoms and their location. Generally, lifestyle changes, over-the-counter medication, and residential remedies can provide relief from pain, swelling and stiffness related to this medical condition.
 Treatment of Djd

Treatment of Djd

Life Style Changes

  • Exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Adequate sleep
  • Heat and cold therapy

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Osteoarthritis Medications

  • Some medications which will provide relief from pain or swelling in DJD include:
  • Oral analgesics like Tylenol (acetaminophen)
  • Topical analgesics like gels, creams, patches etc.
  • Nsaids(nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like Advil (ibuprofen) and Aleve (naproxen) etc.
  • Corticosteroids, these are taken orally or are often injected directly into the joint.

Some natural treatments

  • There also are some herbs and supplements which will help you manage symptoms such as:
    • Green tea
    • Ginger
    • Fish oil
    • Glucosamine

Alternative Treatments

  • Acupuncture
  • Physical therapy
  • Massage therapy
  • Hot or cold therapy

Prevention

  • Support your body using athletic supports and shoes, knee brace, ankle brace etc.
  • Maintain ideal weight or keep your body mass index (BMI) within the appropriate range for your height and gender.
  • Maintain a healthy and diet based green vegetables and fruits.
  • Get enough rest and sleep.


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