GSM Full Form | Full Form of GSM - wikitechy

GSM Full Form | Full Form of GSM




GSM Full Form - Global System for Mobile communication

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 Global System for Mobile communication

Global System for Mobile communication

  • GSM stands for Global System for Mobile communication.
  • It's a typical developed by European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) to explain protocols for second generation (2G) digital cellular networks.
  • It had been a replacement for the primary generation (1G) cellular networks.
  • The idea of developing GSM originated from a cell-based mobile radio system at the Bell Laboratories within the early 1970s.
  • GSM is an open, digital cellular radio network operating in over 200 countries worldwide. It uses narrowband Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technology.
  • It covers almost complete Western Europe and growing in America and Asia.
  • It's not only used for voice calls, it also can be used for data computing and sending text messages.
  • A user can connect his GSM-enabled phone together with his laptop to send or receive e-mails, faxes, browse internet, check security etc.
  • The GSM standard operates on three different frequencies which are as follows:
    • 900 MHz : It had been used by the original GSM system.
    • 1800 MHz : It had been used to support the growing number of subscribers.
    • 1900 MHz : It's mainly used in the US.

Data applications supported by GSM

GSM provides following functionalities when you connect your GSM phone with a computer system.

 Data applications supported by GSM

Data applications supported by GSM

  • Internet :
    • GSM provides the foremost ubiquitous and robust wireless data connectivity to access the internet.
  • Mobile Fax :
    • With GSM, you'll send and receive faxes to anywhere where GSM service is out there.
  • Secured LAN access :
    • GSM provides secured access for corporate LAN. It encrypts the air links and provides additional security for confidential e-mails and faxes.

Advantages of GSM

  • Compatible with wide range of handsets and accessories.
  • Advanced features such as short messages, caller ID, Call hold, call forwarding etc.
  • Compatible with Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and other telephone service services.
  • Since GSM service is obtained over 200 countries, so it provides worldwide roaming for its clients to roam throughout the world.
  • GSM is extremely secured because its devices and facilities can't be easily duplicated.
  • It has an in depth coverage in all over the world
  • Clear voice calls and efficient use of spectrum.

Disadvantages of GSM

  • The biggest disadvantage of GSM is that multiple users share an equivalent bandwidth. This might cause interference bandwidth limitation occurs.
  • The other disadvantage of GSM is that it's going to cause electronic interference. That's the reason why sensitive locations like hospitals and airplanes require telephone to be turned off otherwise it can create interference with the equipments of hospitals and airplanes.


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