OCD Full Form in Medical | What is the Full Form of OCD




OCD Full Form - Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

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 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

  • OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
  • It's an anxiety disorder during which an individual experiences recurring, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and feel compelled to perform uncontrollable, repetitive behaviors (compulsions).
  • The person may recognize that the obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational but feel unable to resist them.
  • In OCD, the brain gets stuck on a specific thought or urge. For example, an individual affected by OCD may check the stove 10 times to make sure it's really turned off.
 The Vicious- Cycle of Ocd

The Vicious- Cycle of Ocd

Symptoms

  • The symptoms are divided into two parts: obsessions and compulsions. Most of the people with OCD exhibit both obsessions and compulsions. However, some may experience either obsession or compulsion.

Obsession Symptoms

  • Obsessions are repeated, unwanted thoughts, urges or images that are disturbing and thus cause anxiety and distress. Some common obsession symptoms, which are mainly obsessive thoughts, are as follows:
  • Fear of being contaminated by touching objects touched by others
  • Doubts that you simply haven't locked the door and turned off the stove etc.
  • Images of hurting yourself or someone you love
  • Fear of losing things or not having things that you simply might need
  • Excessively focused on religious or moral ideas
  • Distress due to unpleasant sexual images repeating in your mind

Compulsions symptoms

  • Compulsion symptoms mainly comprise compulsive behaviors which are repetitive activities that people do to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession.
    • Washing hands until your skin becomes raw
    • Checking door repeatedly to make sure it's locked
    • Checking stove or the other appliance repeatedly to make sure it's turned off
    • Repeatedly check on loved ones to make sure they're safe
    • Counting or tapping objects during a particular way
    • Arranging items during a particular order like bead sheets, books etc.

Causes

  • The explanation for OCD isn't fully understood. However, it's thought to develop from a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Other factors may include biological factors and environmental or learned behaviors.

Treatment for OCD

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy is that the best treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder and usually involves two components:
    • Exposure and response prevention, which needs repeated exposure to the source of your obsession, as explained above.
    • Cognitive therapy, which focuses on the catastrophic thoughts and exaggerated sense of responsibility you are feeling. A big a part of cognitive therapy for OCD is teaching you healthy and effective ways of responding to obsessive thoughts, without resorting to compulsive behavior


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