OCD Full Form in Medical | What is the Full Form of OCD
OCD Full Form - Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
- It's an anxiety disorder during which an individual experiences recurring, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and feel compelled to perform uncontrollable, repetitive behaviors (compulsions).
- The person may recognize that the obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational but feel unable to resist them.
- In OCD, the brain gets stuck on a specific thought or urge. For example, an individual affected by OCD may check the stove 10 times to make sure it's really turned off.
The Vicious- Cycle of Ocd
- The symptoms are divided into two parts: obsessions and compulsions. Most of the people with OCD exhibit both obsessions and compulsions. However, some may experience either obsession or compulsion.
- Obsessions are repeated, unwanted thoughts, urges or images that are disturbing and thus cause anxiety and distress. Some common obsession symptoms, which are mainly obsessive thoughts, are as follows:
- Fear of being contaminated by touching objects touched by others
- Doubts that you simply haven't locked the door and turned off the stove etc.
- Images of hurting yourself or someone you love
- Fear of losing things or not having things that you simply might need
- Excessively focused on religious or moral ideas
- Distress due to unpleasant sexual images repeating in your mind
- Compulsion symptoms mainly comprise compulsive behaviors which are repetitive activities that people do to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession.
- Washing hands until your skin becomes raw
- Checking door repeatedly to make sure it's locked
- Checking stove or the other appliance repeatedly to make sure it's turned off
- Repeatedly check on loved ones to make sure they're safe
- Counting or tapping objects during a particular way
- Arranging items during a particular order like bead sheets, books etc.
- The explanation for OCD isn't fully understood. However, it's thought to develop from a mixture of genetic and environmental factors.
- Other factors may include biological factors and environmental or learned behaviors.
Treatment for OCD
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy is that the best treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder and usually involves two components:
- Exposure and response prevention, which needs repeated exposure to the source of your obsession, as explained above.
- Cognitive therapy, which focuses on the catastrophic thoughts and exaggerated sense of responsibility you are feeling. A big a part of cognitive therapy for OCD is teaching you healthy and effective ways of responding to obsessive thoughts, without resorting to compulsive behavior