CTBT Full Form | Full Form of CTBT
CTBT Full Form - Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
- CTBT stands for Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- It's a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear test explosions and other nuclear explosions for civilian or military purposes.
- The treaty was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and it was opened for signature on 24 September 1996. 182 countries ratify the deal. As of 2016, Trinidad and Tobago is that the last nation to sign the agreement.
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Importance of CTBT
- It acts as a barrier to the development of nuclear weapons.
- It doesn't allow the development of new nuclear weapons and any improvement within the existing nuclear weapons.
- It's a legal binding norm against nuclear testing.
- It prevents human suffering and damages to the environment due to nuclear explosions.
History of Nuclear Tests
- Over 2000 nuclear tests were conducted by different countries between 1945 and 1996 , before the CTBT was adopted :
- The United States conducted more than 1000 nuclear tests.
- The Soviet Union conducted more than 700 nuclear tests.
- France conducted more than 200 nuclear tests.
- The United Kingdom and China conducted 45 nuclear tests each.
- After 1996, three countries conducted nuclear tests : India and Pakistan in 1998, the North Korea in 2006 and 2009.
- The treaty has not entered into force yet as there are 44 countries who didn't sign and ratify the treaty. As of August 2011, 35 of these 44 countries have ratified the treaty.
- The nine countries who did not ratify it are India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, China, Egypt, Indonesia, the United States and therefore the North Korea.
- Out of those nine countries, India, Pakistan and North Korea haven't yet signed it.
Difference between signing and ratifying the CTBT
- If a country Signs the treaty, it means, the country accepts the treaty and it'll not take any action against the needs of the treaty. It's signed by the senior representative of a country like president, prime minister, secretary of state etc.
- If a country ratifies the treaty, it means, it is officially sanctioned to make it a legally binding for the government of the country.
- In this process, the treaty is adopted by the Legislature of the country like the Parliament. Then the instrument of ratification is submitted to the UN Secretary-General.