CPR Full Form in Medical | What is the Full Form of CPR




CPR Full Form - Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation

  • CPR stands for Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation. cardio means "heart" and pulmonary means "related to lungs".
  • Resuscitation may be a medical word which means "to revive".
 Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

  • CPR is a life-saving technique used in medical emergencies like heart attack or cardiac arrest.
  • A cardiac arrest could also be caused by a heart condition, suffocation, drowning, electric shock, etc.
  • This technique may be a combination of chest compression and mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing.
  • It helps restore blood circulation to the heart and brain until medical treatment is available; It delays the tissue death and damage to the brain.
  • People who often handle emergencies like doctors, lifeguards, firefighters are trained in providing CPR.
 CPR Proper Sequence

CPR Proper Sequence

  • You don't need any special equipment to perform CPR. You only need to perform it in a proper sequence or order as described below:
    • Chest compression
    • Airway
    • Breathing
  • Furthermore, to perform CPR, you want to ensure that the patient is in supine position (lying on his or her back on a firm surface).
  • It makes CPR easy and effective as it allows the effective compression of the sternum.
  • CPR on a soft surface like mattress is less effective. In addition to this, the person giving chest compressions should be positioned high enough in order that he or she will properly compress the chest.

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Importance of CPR

  • Permanent death or brain injury will progress rapidly if blood circulation ceases. Hence it's essential to take care of blood circulation and respiration until medically trained assistance arrives and one can maintain blood flow by CPR method.
  • CPR is executed by any skilled individual, involving external chest compressions and respiratory rescue.
  • CPR is done within the first six minutes of heart-beat stops, can hold an individual alive before medical care begins.
  • CPR is carried out until the heart-beat returns to the normal rhythm, or the patient declared dead.

Safety Measure of CPR

  • Few points to consider before performing CPR on the patient
    • Review the location, whether it's secure to hold out the CPR procedure.
    • Understand the patient is conscious or unaware.
    • Request for emergency medical care as soon as possible.

CPR in Children

  • Sudden cardiac arrest is less common in children than it is in adults. It always occurs when there's a lack of oxygen caused by a breathing problem like hoking, near-drowning, or respiratory infections.
  • In order to use an AED on a child from one year aged through eight years aged a special pediatric cable is used to reduce the amount of energy provided by the electrical shock.
  • Doing CPR on children aged one year to eight years is analogous to doing CPR on adults. However, there are some minor differences.
  • When compressing the chest, the heel of just one hand is used instead of two hands, and the chest is pressed down approximately 2 inches.
  • Compressions should be done at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute at a depth of about 1.5 inches for infants, about 2 inches for youngsters and at least 2 inches but no greater than 2.4 inches for adolescents.
  • If rescuers are unwilling or unable to deliver breaths, they should perform compression-only CPR (Hands-Only CPR).


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