CVA Full Form in Medical | Full Form of CVA in Medical




CVA Full Form - Cerebral Vascular Accident or Cerebrovascular Accident

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 Cerebral Vascular Accident

Cerebral Vascular Accident

  • CVA stands for Cerebral Vascular Accident or Cerebrovascular Accident.
  • It's also mentioned as stroke. It's a medical condition in which blood supply to the brain is interrupted or reduced.
  • As a result, the brain cells aren't getting sufficient oxygen and nutrients and that they start to die.
  • CVA may be a severe condition which is one among the leading causes of death in Australia.
  • It always affects one side of the brain.

Types of cerebral vascular accident or stroke

  • There are mainly two kinds of CVS : an ischemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke.
 Types of Cerebral Vascular Accident or Stroke

Types of Cerebral Vascular Accident or Stroke

  • Ischemic Stroke : It's the most common kind of stroke. It occurs when an artery is blocked due to a blood clot and therefore the supply of oxygen and nutrients to an area of the brain gets interrupted. It can happen in two different ways:
    • Embolic stroke : It occurs when a clot forms in other parts of the body then moves to the brain and gets lodged during a blood vessel within the brain.
    • Thrombotic stroke : It occurs when a clot forms in a blood vessel in the brain. A blood clot that forms and remains within the brain is named a cerebral thrombus.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke : It occurs when a blood vessel ruptures, as a result of which the blood flow to an area of the brain is interrupted. Any blood vessel within the brain or a membrane surrounding the brain may rupture during this stroke.

Common Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Difficult walking
  • Lack of balance and coordination
  • Blurred vision
  • A sudden headache
  • Paralysis or numbness, usually on one side of the body

The diagnosis of CVA involves full physical examination and various diagnostic tests, a number of which are as follows:

  • Blood tests :
    • These are performed to check your blood's clotting time, sugar levels and infection etc.
  • Angiogram :
    • During this test, a dye is added to the blood and X-ray of the head is taken. It helps find the blocked or hemorrhaged blood vessel.
  • Carotid Ultrasound :
    • It studies the blood vessels within the neck. It helps detect abnormal blood flow to the brain.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan :
    • It helps find the problem areas and other conditions that might cause a stroke.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) :
    • It's performed to get a more detailed picture of the brain.
  • Echocardiogram:
    • It creates an image of your heart using sound waves. It helps find the source of blood clots.
  • Electrocardiogram ( ECG ):
    • It measures the electrical activity of the heart. It's performed to check if an abnormal heart rhythm is causing the stroke.

Prevention

  • There are many measures which will help prevent a stroke, a number of which are:
    • Maintain normal weight and blood pressure
    • Limit saturated fat intake
    • Limit cholesterol intake
    • Quite smoking
    • Avoid or drink alcohol carefully
    • Control diabetes
    • Increase intake of fruits and vegetables


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