ECG Full Form in Medical | Full Form of ECG in Medical
ECG Full Form - Electrocardiogram
- ECG stands for Electrocardiogram. It refers to a test that's performed to see the electrical activity of the heart.
- The normal electrical activity indicates that the heart is functioning normally.
- ECG records the electrical impulses when the heart is beating.
- These impulses are recorded on a moving strip of paper or on a screen, i.e. it shows heart's electrical activity as line tracings on paper. The spikes and dips that appear within the tracings are called waves.
- A normal ECG line tracing consists of waves which are as follows:
- P Wave : It's the primary upward movement of the ECG tracing. It shows the electrical activity of the upper hear chambers.
- QRS Complex : It consists of three waves that begin with a downward deflection (Q) then an large upward deflection (R), then a downwards S wave. It shows the electrical activity of the lower heart chambers.
- ST Segment : It appears as a line when the ventricle contracts with none electrical impulse.
- T Wave : It's a modest upwards wave that represents ventricular repolarization, i.e. when the lower heart chambers are preparing for next muscle contraction.
- If there's any problem with hearts rhythm, there'll be variation within the pattern of impulses or the graph. It's an easy procedure. It's performed by placing electrodes at specific places on your body like arms, legs or chest.
Why is an ECG needed ? ( full form of ecg in medical )
- ECG can detect various heart-related problems, some are listed below:
- A heart attack within the past (myocardial infarction)
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Cause of unexplained chest pain
- Enlargement of 1 side of the heart
- Thickness of the walls of the hearts chambers
- Restricted blood supply to heart due to cholesterol deposits
- To check the performance of implants like pacemaker
- To check the heart's health if an people is suffering high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.
Types of ECG
- There are three main sorts of ECG which are as follows:
- Resting ECG : It's carried out when the patient is lying down during a comfortable position.
- Stress or Exercise ECG : It's carried out once you are using a treadmill or exercise bike.
- Ambulatory ECG : The patient is required to wear a little machine at his or her waist. The patient may go home and resume his or her routine work. It helps monitor the heart for one or more days.
Types of ECG