BCG Full Form Vaccine | Full Form of BCG Vaccine
BCG Full Form - Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
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Bacillus Calmette Guerin
- BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. It's a vaccine that gives protection against tuberculosis; It helps build immunity against tuberculosis.
- The vaccine was developed by two French bacteriologists Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin. It had been first used in 1921 by Dr Weil-Hale for the treatment of a child who had tuberculosis. Within the next three years (up to 1924), around 320 infants were vaccinated with BCG.
- The vaccine is given to children and persons at higher risk developing tuberculosis like people living within the TB-affected parts of the world or children having one or more parents affected with TB or born in the TB-affected countries.
- It's also given to people affected by bladder tumors or bladder cancer.
How BCG Vaccine Works ?
- BCG vaccine may be a weakened strain of Mycobacterium bovis which may be a kind of bacteria that cause TB.
- This vaccine when administered within the body stimulates the immune system in response to the bacteria without actually causing the disease.
- The antibodies remain within the body that protects against future infections with an equivalent bacteria.
- Thus, BCG vaccine helps our body to supply antibodies against the bacteria of TB that gives immunity against tuberculosis.
Who shouldn't get BCG ?
Who Should Not Get Bcg
- This vaccine can cause complications in some people. It includes people who;
- Have a positive Mantoux (skin) test
- Have had TB before
- Have an HIV infection
- Have weak system due to an underlying condition or other medicines, and pregnant women.
Precautions and Care
- Use a dry dressing with gauze if the vaccination area starts to ooze.
- If required sterile alcohol swab are often used to clean the area.
- The vaccine should be taken after consulting the doctor.
- Keep the vaccination area clean and dry for around 24 hours.
- Do not apply any ointment, antiseptic cream, band-aid, etc.