BCG Full Form Vaccine | Full Form of BCG Vaccine

BCG Full Form - Bacillus Calmette-Guerin

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 Bacillus Calmette Guerin

Bacillus Calmette Guerin

  • BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. It's a vaccine that gives protection against tuberculosis; It helps build immunity against tuberculosis.
  • The vaccine was developed by two French bacteriologists Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin. It had been first used in 1921 by Dr Weil-Hale for the treatment of a child who had tuberculosis. Within the next three years (up to 1924), around 320 infants were vaccinated with BCG.
  • The vaccine is given to children and persons at higher risk developing tuberculosis like people living within the TB-affected parts of the world or children having one or more parents affected with TB or born in the TB-affected countries.
  • It's also given to people affected by bladder tumors or bladder cancer.

How BCG Vaccine Works ?

  • BCG vaccine may be a weakened strain of Mycobacterium bovis which may be a kind of bacteria that cause TB.
  • This vaccine when administered within the body stimulates the immune system in response to the bacteria without actually causing the disease.
  • The antibodies remain within the body that protects against future infections with an equivalent bacteria.
  • Thus, BCG vaccine helps our body to supply antibodies against the bacteria of TB that gives immunity against tuberculosis.

Who shouldn't get BCG ?

 Who Should Not Get Bcg

Who Should Not Get Bcg

  • This vaccine can cause complications in some people. It includes people who;
    • Have a positive Mantoux (skin) test
    • Have had TB before
    • Have an HIV infection
    • Have weak system due to an underlying condition or other medicines, and pregnant women.

Precautions and Care

  • Use a dry dressing with gauze if the vaccination area starts to ooze.
  • If required sterile alcohol swab are often used to clean the area.
  • The vaccine should be taken after consulting the doctor.
  • Keep the vaccination area clean and dry for around 24 hours.
  • Do not apply any ointment, antiseptic cream, band-aid, etc.

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